Magnets, how do they work? (part 4)

(footnote: here lies Quantum Mechanical Spin) This post continues the discussion of how ferromagnets work as considered in part 1, part 2 and part 3. The previous parts dealt with the basics of electromagnetism, introducing the connections from Maxwell’s equations to the magnetic field, illustrating the origin of the magnetic dipole and finally demonstrating how […]

Magnets, how do they work? (part 3)

In this section I intend to detail the source of magnetic force, particularly as experienced by loops of wire in the form of magnetic dipoles. The intent here is to address ultimately how compass needles turn and how ferromagnets attract each other. I should start by asking for forgiveness. I’ve recently defended my PhD. While […]